PIPS was instituted under an Act of the Parliament in December 2008. Its predominant objectives are to:
Assist parliamentarians in making informed policies by conducting or commissioning independent research on topical issues;
Conduct professional development and orientation programs for elected parliamentarians and staff of the national parliament and provincial assemblies;
Gather and organize data as well as provide complete, accurate, timely and relevant information to facilitate parliamentarians in their work; and
To maintain transparency and accountability in all its functions;
Provide technical support and various intellectual and knowledge resources to parliamentarians.